In the research titled, The Co-Occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Intimate Partner Violence in Families: Effects on Children’s Externalizing Behavior Problems, findings included:
A. Adolescents who experienced physical abuse and psychological aggression had higher externalizing behaviors over time than adolescents who experienced low or high levels of family violence
B. In the adolescent sample, exposure to maltreatment-only appeared to shape behavioral outcomes more than co-occurring maltreatment and intimate partner violence
C. Females in middle childhood with reported experiences of physical abuse and psychological aggression had higher externalizing behaviors than males, but this relationship changed by adolescence with males experiencing higher behavioral problems than females
D. White, non-Latin children in middle childhood experiencing low or high levels of family violence across developmental age groups, had higher externalizing behaviors compared to their racial and ethnic minoritized counterparts
E. All except D
F. A, B, C, and D
The answer is F. Enter the publication title into the CALiO™Collections search box to read more of the study findings.