Poly-victimization Research

Publications listed here represent a significant portion of the research on poly-victimization and multi-type victimizations. These publications are freely accessible and  listed in date descending order. Restricted access publications are not included.


Asscher, J. J., Van der Put, C. E., & Stams, G. J. J. M. (2015). Gender differences in the impact of abuse and neglect victimization on adolescent offending behavior. Journal of Family Violence, 30, 215–225.

Mitchell, K. J., Hamby, S. L., Turner, H. A., Shattuck, A., & Jones, L. M. (2015). Weapon involvement in the victimization of children. Pediatrics, 136(1), 10-17.

Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A.,Turner, H. A., & Hamby, S. L. (2014). Trends in children's exposure to violence, 2003-2011. JAMA Pediatrics, 168(6), 540-546.

Finkelhor, D., Vanderminden, J., Turner, H., Shattuck, A., & Hamby, S. (2014). Youth exposure to violence prevention programs in a national sample. Child abuse & neglect, 38(4), 677-686.

Wilkins, N., Tsao, B., Hertz, M., Davis, R., Klevens, J. (2014). Connecting the Dots: An Overview of the Links Among Multiple Forms of Violence. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Oakland, CA: Prevention Institute.

Ford, J. D., Grasso, D., Greene, C., Levine, J., Spinazzola, J., & van der Kolk, B. (2013). Clinical significance of a proposed developmental trauma disorder diagnosis: Results of an international survey of clinicians.The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 74(8), 841-849.

Klain, E. J., & White, A. R. (2013). Implementing Trauma-Informed Practices in Child Welfare. American Bar Association, Center on Children and the Law.

Voisin, D. R., & Elsaesser, C. M. (2013). Pathways from Polyvictimization to Youth Problem Behaviors: The Critical Role of School Engagement. International Journal of Higher Education, 2(4), 15-23.

Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., Kliethermes, M., & Murray, L. A. (2012). Trauma-focused CBT for youth with complex trauma. Child Abuse & Neglect, 36(6), 528-541.

Finkelhor, D., Turner, H. A., & Hamby, S. (2012). Let’s prevent peer victimization, not just bullying. Child Abuse & Neglect, 36(4), 271-274.

Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., & Turner, H. (2012). Teen dating violence: Co-occurrence with other victimizations in the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence   (NatSCEV). Psychology of Violence, 2(2), 111-124.

Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H.A., Ormrod, R., & Hamby, S. L. (2011). Polyvictimization in developmental context. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 4(4), 291-300.

Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., & Hamby, S. (2011). Questions and answers about the National Survey of Exposure to Violence. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.

Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., Hamby, S., & Ormrod, R. (2011).Polyvictimization: Children's exposure to multiple types of violence, crime, and abuse.Juvenile Justice Bulletin. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.

Ford, J. D., Wasser, T., & Connor, D. F. (2011). Identifying and determining the symptom severity associated with polyvictimization among psychiatrically impaired children in the outpatient setting. Child Maltreatment, 16(3), 216-226.

Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., & Ormrod, R. (2011). Children's exposure to intimate partner violence and other family violence. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.

Higgins, D., & Price-Robertson, R. (2011). What's the use of multi-type maltreatment and polyvictimization concepts: International comparisons of key issues, predictors, prevalence, and the impact on well-being. Melbourne, Australia.

Mitchell, K. J., Finkelhor, D., Wolak, J., Ybarra, M. L., & Turner, H. (2011).Youth Internet victimization in a broader victimization context.Journal of Adolescent Health, 48(2), 128-134.

Robboy, J., & Anderson, K. G. (2011). Intergenerational child abuse and coping. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(17), 3526-3541.

Dorrepaal, E., Thomaes, K., Smit, J. H., van Balkom, A. J., van Dyck, R., Veltman, D. J., & Draijer, N. (2010). Stabilizing group treatment for complex posttraumatic stress disorder related to childhood abuse based on psycho-education and cognitive behavioral therapy: A pilot study.Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(4), 284-288.

Duke, N. N., Pettingell, S. L., McMorris, B. J., & Borowsky, I. W. (2010). Adolescent violence perpetration: Associations with multiple types of adverse childhood experiences. Pediatrics, 125(4), e778-e786.

Hahm, H. C., Lee, Y., Ozonoff, A., & Van Wert, M. J. (2010). The impact of multiple types of child maltreatment on subsequent risk behaviors among women during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood.Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39(5), 528-540.

Mrug, S., & Windle, M. (2010). Prospective effects of violence exposure across multiple contexts on early adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(8), 953-961.

DeHart, D. D. (2009).Polyvictimization among girls in the juvenile justice system: Manifestations & associations to delinquency. U.S. Department of Justice.

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. K., & Turner, H. A. (2009). Lifetime assessment of poly-victimization in a national sample of children and youth.Child Abuse & Neglect, 33(7), 403-411.

Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., & Hamby, S. L. (2009). Violence, abuse, and crime exposure in a national sample of children and youth.Pediatrics, 124(5), 1411-1423.

Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., Hamby, S., & Kracke, K. (2009).Children's exposure to violence: A comprehensive national study.Juvenile Justice Bulletin. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs.

Nurius, P. S., Russell, P. L., Herting, J. R., Hooven, C., & Thompson, E. A. (2009). Risk and protective profiles among never exposed, single form, and multiple form violence exposed youth. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 2(2), 106-123.

Clemmons, J. C., Walsh, K., DiLillo, D. K., & Messman-Moore, T. L. (2007). Unique and combined contributions of multiple child abuse types and abuse severity to adult trauma symptomology. Child Maltreatment, 12(2), 172-181.

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. K., & Turner, H. A. (2007). Polyvictimization and trauma in a national longitudinal cohort.Development and Psychology, 19(1), 149-166.

Holt, M. K., Finkelhor, D., & Kantor, G. K. (2007). Mulitple victimization experiences of urban elementary school students: Associations with psychosocial functioning and academic performance.Child Abuse & Neglect, 31(5), 503-515.

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R., Turner, H., & Hamby, S. L. (2005).The victimization of children and youth: A comprehensive national study.Child Maltreatment, 10(1), 5-25.

Finkelhor, D.,Ormod, R. K.,  Turner, H. A., & Hamby, S. L. (2005). Measuring Poly-victimization using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29(11), 1297-1312.

Clemmons, J. C., DiLillo, D., Martinez, I. G., DeGue, S., & Jeffcoat, M. (2003). Co-ocurring forms of child maltreatment and adult adjustment reported by Latina college students.

Cook, A., Blaustein, M., Spinazzola, J., & van der Kolk, B. (Eds.) (2003).Complex trauma in children and adolescents. National Child Traumatic Stress Network.


This page is funded in part through a grant from the Office for Victims of Crimes, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of  Justice.  Neither the U.S. Department of Justice nor any of its components operate, control, are responsible for, or necessarily endorse, this Web page (including, without limitation, its content, technical infrastructure, and policies, and any services or tools provided).